April 11 marks the International Day of the Liberation of Prisoners of Fascist Concentration Camps. It was on this day in 1945 that the uprising of prisoners took place in the Buchenwald camp, which was located in Germany. That day, exhausted, crippled people were able to disarm more than 800 security soldiers. On April 13, the camp was completely liberated. More than 21 thousand prisoners were released, among them more than 900 children.
The little prisoners of Buchenwald, Auschwitz and other concentration camps did not have nationalities and social status. One thing united them: terrible trials fell on their children’s share. In difficult conditions, they had the hardest part. Due to their age, they struggled to suffer hunger and often could not do work on an equal footing with adults.
One of the worst “children’s” camps was Salaspils. Over the three years of its existence, thousands of children were killed and tortured here. Salaspils was a blood bank. She was taken from small prisoners for German hospitals. Exhausted and starved babies could not withstand brutal experiments. The children were tested for poisons, given lethal injections or sent to gas chambers. Some subjects fascist doctors amputated limbs. According to the act of forensic examination of mass children’s graves of the Salaspils concentration camp (28. 04. 1945), 632 bodies were found in 54 remaining graves on its territory. Of these, 114 babies are of breast age, 106 are children from one to three years old, 91 are from three to five years old, 117 are from three to eight.
In many cities of the world, monuments have been erected to young prisoners of fascist camps. And the survivors themselves even now, many years after the war, do not like to remember their childhood. Too painfully.
May the souls of the little angels, tortured by the ravers, help all the children of Eurasia to survive the difficulties today. We remember and will not forget.